Personal Protective Equipment

Masks

There are many types of masks that are available:

N95 or FFP3:

These are tight-fitting masks that are designed to seal around the nose and mouth and screen out 95 per cent of small airborne particles.
They’re likely to prevent transmission of aerosolized virus — those suspended as a mist in the air.

Surgical or medical masks:

These are looser fitting, more flexible disposable masks that are considered effective barriers against large droplets released by talking, coughing or sneezing — the main way COVID-19 is likely transmitted.

Non-medical cloth masks
These are masks that have been made at home or by Volunteers, there effectiveness is questionable as they’re quite porous.


Which mask should you wear

N95 or FFP3
These masks are not generally recommended for the public due to shortage of supplies that are required for the front line Medical staff.

FFP2 / FFP1 / Cloth Masks
They can be effective but mainly to stop spreading the virus from coughing and sneezing.
They reduce the contagious droplets from being sprayed around, but they don’t offer the wearer as much protection as the N95’s or FFP3’s do.


The proper way to wear a mask

Before putting on any Personal protective equipment you should clean your hands with soap and water or alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
Cover your mouth and nose with the mask and make sure there are no gaps between your face and the mask.
Avoid touching the mask while using it and clean your hands if you do.
Replace the mask with a new one as soon as it’s damp and don’t reuse single-use masks.
Remove it from behind, discard immediately into a closed bin and then clean your hands with soap and water or alcohol-based hand sanitizer.


When to use disposable gloves / hand sanitizer

Disposable gloves only offer protection if you use them responsibly.
They prevent contamination of the hands which can then contaminate other things aswell as catching the virus by touching the face.
The virus can enter the mouth or nose or even enter the eyes.
It is vital that you remove the gloves after you have finished with them and wash your hands afterwards.
If you are to wear gloves when you are shopping make sure you dispose of them after you leave each shop.
If you don’t have many pairs of gloves you can always use hand sanitizer.
Use before and after exiting shops, the same principle applies whatever place you visit ofcourse.


Washing your hands properly

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